Dr. David Kaawa-Mafigiri (Ph.D. 2007) and Megan Schmidt-Sane (ABD) have been collaborating to lead anthropological research on the context of Ebola prevention and transmission in high-risk border districts in Uganda. The Ebola epidemic has been on-going in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) since August 1, 2018. Several cases have crossed over into Uganda, sparking concern about the porous border region. Their work started in January 2019, when they undertook a baseline research project over-seen by UNICEF Uganda on behalf of the Uganda Ministry of Health National Task Force on Ebola Preparedness and Response. The research team described the context of livelihood strategies in the border region, and how these strategies limited uptake of Ebola prevention measures. They also noted ongoing burial practices and the transportation of suspect cases and/or the deceased across borders, which poses a risk for Ebola transmission. Additionally, gender norms for caretaking create differential risk for women and men. Their findings were incorporated into UNICEF’s Communication for Development (C4D) strategy, part of the National Task Force on Ebola Preparedness and Response.
Currently, they are working with researchers from UNICEF, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and Translators without Borders to conduct focused re-search on dimensions of (mis)trust in the border regions, in both the DRC and Uganda. They will lead additional fieldwork in March 2020 in Uganda’s border region, with the goal of informing current Ebola response programs to bolster community uptake and trust in the response and inform future epidemic responses. Their work demonstrates the unique position of anthropologists in epidemic response, by documenting community dynamics and community engagement, and feeding research results directly into on-going programming and policies both in Uganda and globally.
Dr. Lihong Shi is on sabbatical for this academic year. She received a grant from the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research and is conducting fieldwork in China for her project on the grief experience among Chinese parents who lost their only child born under the previous one-child policy. Unlike her previous research for which she lived in a village in China, this project has taken her to China’s most crowded cities as well as small towns and villages where she met with bereaved parents to hear their stories.
While in China, she gave three invited talks on her book and her current research project, including the Fei Hsiao-Tung Lecture in the Center for Anthropology and Ethnology at Tsinghua University, the Yiwulv Lecture in the College of Sociology at Shenyang Normal University, and a talk in the Institute for Population and Development Studies at Xi’an Jiaotong University.